The reflection of the coup in Turkey by the researchers of IIR
The night of 15th July has become one of the major moments of the recent Turkish history. Due to the military coup that happen, having the goal of overthrowing the regime of Recep Tayyip Erdogan. This article is a sum up of the opinions of the researchers from the Institute of International Relations on the event.
Dr. Mark Galeotti, an international recognized expert on transnational organized crime, security issues and modern Russia, published an article in which he shares his point of view on the military coup. Dr. Galeotti shares that the military coup was brutal even without being. And the reason of its failure.
Another article which was released within the Institute of International Relations was written by Jan Daniel, who is a researcher at the IIR suggested in his article the reasons why the military coup have failed its purpose.
The topic of this article is to present the history of the role of the army in Turkey from the year 1997 until the year 2016. The article begins with a presentation of the potential reasons of the failure of the military coup and then explains the history of the role of the army on the political scene of Turkey. The article concludes on the events following the military coup, presenting how Erdogan is trying to recreate his own state, with the use of purges.
Another point of view given on the topic of the military coup in Turkey is given by the researcher Vít Beneš, during his interview for the Czech radio, Radiožurnal on the 18th of July 2016.
Vít Beneš in this interview focuses on the position of the European Union during the military coup and on the actions of it and the situation of Turkey afterwards. Regarding the position of the European Union during the military coup, Mr. Beneš also admitted that the EU stands behind the forces of Erdogan due to the fact, that the coup attacked democratic institutions which were built with the help of the European Union. Another reason, according to Vít Beneš the reasons why the European Union stands behind Erdogan, is the fact that if the government would fall down, it would create complications in the conflict between the Turks and the Kurds, and it would harm also the stability of Turkey itself.
Another researcher who expressed to the topic of Turkey is Veronika Bílková. Her reflection focuses on the reinstatement of the death penalty in Turkey and its consequences. Saying that if Turkey reinstates the death penalty, it will break down the convention on human rights of the European Court of Human Rights.
Turkey is already having intrastate complains in regards of not respecting or suspending the declarations made by the European Union in regards of freedom of speech. The derogations of the European Court of Human Rights can be given during exceptional situations; wars, conflicts etc…
The problem with Turkey is that their derogations are active even without any exceptional situation and this is the core of the problem, because there are no guarantees that after the conclusion of the military coup, Turkish government will respect once again the doctrine on human rights.
Tamás Lattmann in his article focuses on a description of the term derogation and when a state is allowed to derogate itself from conventions. Turkey have derogated itself when it proclaimed that it will install a state of emergency. Tamás Lattman declines the possibility of Turkey restating the death penalty by saying :” Turkey had ratified both Protocol No.6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms concerning the Abolition of the Death Penalty, and Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, aiming to abolish the death penalty in all circumstances.”
Last but not least, Berfin Nur Osso, wrote an article called: „ A Military Coup that is either Staged or Failed“
This article focuses on the possibility that the coup was staged or if it was actually a failed attempt to overthrow the government. It the first part, the author is taking a neutral stand, and describes the two possible theories about the coup. The second part of the article focuses on the possible reintroduce of the death penalty and the problem which will come up from this reinstatement.
The online magazine Mezinárodní politika; published by the Institute of International Relations had a special issue dedicated to Turkey, this issue includes an interview with the representant of the Gülen movement who is accused of contributing to the preparation of the military coup, and also an interview with czech specialist on Turkey, Tomáš Laně.