The Prague Agenda 2016
Since President Obama’s 2009 announcement of his long-term nuclear disarmament vision in Prague and the following signing of the 2010 US-Russia START Treaty, Prague has established itself as a venue for discussion and taking stock of issues related to nuclear arms control, nuclear security, disarmament and non-proliferation. The 6th Prague Agenda Conference took place on December 1-2, 2016 in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, the Czernin Palace, Loretánské náměstí 5, Prague 1.
1. 12. 2016 (10:00)
This content is not up to date MFA, Czernin Palace, Loretanske namesti 5
Academic Conference, Thursday, December 1, 2016 / 10:00-15:30
10:00–10:15 Conference welcome: Petr Kratochvíl, Director of the Institute of International Relations Prague
10:15–12:15 PANEL I: Putting the Prague Agenda in Context: Looking Back, Looking Forward, Looking Beyond
- Chair: Benjamin Tallis, Co-ordinator of the Centre for European Security of the Institute of International Relations Prague
- Angela Kane, Senior Fellow, Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non‑Proliferation
- Dieter Fleck, Former Director International Agreements & Policy, Federal Ministry of Defence, Germany
- Sadia Tasleem, Lecturer, Department of Defence and Strategic Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad
- Matthew Kroenig, Associate Professor and Director of Admissions and Fellowships, Department of Government and School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University
- Anya Loukianova, Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow, RAND
- Discussant: Anatoly Reshetnikov, Doctoral School of Political Science, Public Policy and International Relations, Central European University, Budapest
13:30–15:30 PANEL II: Weapons of Mass Destruction, Norms, and International Order
- Chair: Michal Smetana, Research Fellow and Lecturer, Charles University Prague and Goethe University Frankfurt
- Richard Price, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
- Harald Müller, Member of the Executive Board, Head of Research Department, Peace Research Institute Frankfurt
- William Walker, Emeritus Professor, University of St Andrews
- Jason Enia, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science and Director of Center for the Study of Disasters & Emergency Management at Sam Houston State University & Jeffrey Fields, Director, Dornsife Washington, DC Program; Professor, School of International Relations, University of Southern California
Expert Workshop, Thursday, December 1, 2016 / 16:00-18:00
16:00–18:00 EXPERT WORSHOP / INVITED PARTICIPANTS ONLY / The Future of the Prague Agenda under a new US Administration
18:00 Reception for invited conference participants and VIP guests
Political Conference, Friday, December 2, 2016 / 9:00-13:05
9:00–9:15 Conference welcome: Lubomír Zaorálek, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic
9:15–9:30 A Letter from Barack Obama, President of the United States, in Support of the Prague Agenda presented by Jessica Cox
9:30–11:00 PANEL I: Prague Agenda since 2009 - what has been achieved?
- Chair: Ivan Jestřáb, Director of the United Nations Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic
- Jacek Bylica, Special Envoy for Non-proliferation and Disarmament, European External Action Service
- Jessica Cox, Director for Arms Control on the National Security Council, U.S. Department of State
- Benjamin Hautecouverture, Senior Research Fellow, Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique, Paris
11:30–13:00 PANEL II: Current Status and Perspectives of the Initiatives Supporting the International Control Regimes
- Chair: Tomáš Karásek, Head of the Department of Security Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University
- Mallory Stewart, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Emerging Security Challenges and Defense Policy, U.S. Department of State
- William Alberque, Head of Arms Control and Coordination Section, NATO
- Thomas Markram, Director and Deputy to the High Representative, UN Office for Disarmament Affairs
- Laura Rockwood, Executive Director, Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation
13:00 - 13:05 Closing Remarks: Ivo Šrámek, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs for Security and Multilateral Issues, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic
Visit to the ATOM Museum, Friday, December 2, 2016 / 14:00-19:00
Join us for a trip to a unique museum in a former Soviet military base „Javor 51“ in the region Brdy south of Prague. It is one of three military bases in the Czech Republic where Soviet nuclear weapons were reportedly stored during the Cold War – and the only one that was preserved. It is the only facility of its kind in the world that is open to the public. Recently, the formerly top-secret area was made into a museum which features a unique exhibition of historic artifacts, and information panels about nuclear weapons and energy.
TIPS FOR TRIP PARTICIPANTS:
Bring your camera. Taking photos is encouraged and there will be a special surprise photo opportunity.
Bring warm clothes and comfortable shoes. We will descend into the underground facility and spend ca 90 minutes in 7°C (45°F). The area is not wheelchair accessible. You‘ll have to walk down a steep staircase – our team can offer assistance to those in need. You‘ll be able to return to the heated bus anytime you need a rest.
Due to a limited bus capacity please register in advance. We may not be able to accommodate last-minute registrations.
14:00 Departure of buses to the ATOM Museum (in front of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
15:30 Arrival to the museum, Welcome by the founders of the museum, Guided tour in Czech and English
17:30 Departure from the museum
19:00 Arrival to Prague, Dinner for panelists and invited guests, Restaurant U svatého Jana Nepomuckého, Hradčanské nám. 10 (near the Foreign Ministry)
Anatoly Reshetnikov is a PhD Candidate and an Instructor of Research Design at the Department of International Relations, Central European University (Budapest, Hungary). He also teaches a course on Unorthodox Approaches to Russia’s Politics and International Relations at Eötvös Loránd University (Budapest, Hungary). In his dissertation, Anatoly is reconstructing the evolution of Russia’s age-old idea of being a great power. His broader research interests include identity politics, history of ideas, linguistic approaches to social analysis, contemporary Russian politics, and the concept of responsibility in international relations. In 2015, Anatoly was as an affiliate researcher at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University of London. From January 2017, he will continue working on his research project at Lund University (Sweden). His publications include “‘Great Projects’ Politics in Russia” (Demokratizatsiya, 2011) and “Frozen Transition: Russia and Great Power Crisis Management” (New Perspectives, 2016).
Angela Kane is a known expert in political relations and disarmament. She served as UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs until mid-2015, providing strategy and leadership. She was responsible for the ground-breaking investigation of chemical weapon use in Syria in 2013 which resulted in the destruction of its chemical stocks. Her distinguished career in the UN included high-ranking posts in political affairs, peacekeeping and management. Her tours of duty abroad included Thailand, Indonesia, Eritrea and Ethiopia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
She is a board member of several non-profit institutions in the US and Europe. She teaches at SciencesPo in Paris and is a member of their Strategic Council. She has lectured and published on international affairs and disarmament. She holds degrees from Bryn Mawr College and Johns Hopkins University, and was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey, CA.
Dr. Anya Loukianova is a post-doctoral Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow at RAND. She defended her dissertation, “Clouds of Suspicion: Airspace Arrangements, Escalation, and Discord in U.S./NATO-Russian Relations,” and received a PhD in international security and economic policy from the University of Maryland in 2016.
Previously, Dr. Loukianova was a program officer at the Stanley Foundation, where she focused on nuclear material security issues and helped to organize official civil society side events to the 2014 and 2016 Nuclear Security Summits. Between 2007 and 2012, she was a research associate focused on Russian nuclear weapons and fuel cycle issues at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies.
Benjamin Hautecouverture is a Senior research fellow at the Fondation pour la recherche stratégique (FRS), Paris. His areas of focus have included the study of nonproliferation and disarmament in the field of weapons of mass destruction. He is also working on nuclear security, the NPT review process, the chemical weapons prohibition regime and the European Union strategy against the spread of weapons of mass destruction. He is also a founding member and a manager of the EU Non-Proliferation Consortium.
Benjamin Tallis is a Research Fellow at the Institute of International Relations and the Coordinator of the Institute’s Centre for European Security. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the SCOPUS listed academic journal ‘New Perspectives: Interdisciplinary Journal of Central and East European Politics and International Relations. His research interests focus on security politics in Europe, particularly looking at issues relating to borders, security, mobility and migration. Tallis also researches wider issues relating to the politics, societies and cultures of Central and Eastern Europe, critical geopolitics, the politics of the European Union and ways to put critical research into policy and practice.
- Former Director International Agreements & Policy, Federal Ministry of Defence, Germany;
- Honorary President, International Society for Military Law and the Law of War;
- Member of the Advisory Board of the Amsterdam Center for International Law (ACIL);
- Rapporteur of the ILA Committee on Nuclear Weapons, Non-Proliferation and Contemporary International Law.
Harrald Müller has served 1996‐2015 as the Executive Director of Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF, Member of the Leibniz Association), presently he is Member of its Executive Board and Professor of International Relations at Goethe University Frankfurt. From 1999 to 2005 he was member of the Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters of the UN Secretary General, chairing the Board in 2004. Between 2004 and 2005 he was appointed member of the Expert Group on Multilateral Fuel Arrangements of the International Atomic Energy Agency. From 1999 on, he has been cochairing the Working Group on Peace and Conflict at the German Foreign Office’s Planning Staff. Since 2007 he is member of the Board of Directors of the Frankfurt University’s Cluster of Excellence called “The Formation of Normative Orders” and since 2010 Vice‐President of the EU Consortium for Non‐proliferation and Disarmament. Since 1995, Dr. Müller served five times on the German delegations to NPT Review Conferences. His research focuses on disarmament issues, theories of democratic peace, present great power relations and transatlantic relations.
Mr. Ivan Jestřáb has served as a diplomat in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1981. He began his distinguished career in the Asia Department, before being transferred to the West Europe Department, Scandinavian Unit. After completing his postings to Denmark and Norway he served in a number of eminent roles including as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Czech Republic to India (1997-2001), Sri Lanka, Maldives and Nepal (1998-2001), to Bangladesh (1999-2001), to the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (2004-2006), Macedonia (2004-2007), to Serbia (2006-2008), to Montenegro (2007-2008) and finally to Georgia (2008-2013). Upon his return to the Czech Republic he was appointed Director of the South and South-East Europe Department. From 2015 to 2016 he worked as Political Director and currently holds the post of Junior Deputy Foreign Minister for Security and Multilateral Affairs and Director of the United Nations Department.
Jason Enia is an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Sam Houston State University. He is also the founding director of Sam Houston’s Center for the Study of Disasters & Emergency Management (CDEM). His research explores the political economies of institutional arrangements, focusing on the ways in which rule structures condition the behaviors of states and other actors. He teaches undergraduate courses on conflict and security and graduate seminars on the politics of weapons and the politics of crises and disasters.
Jeffrey Fields is assistant professor of the practice of international relations and director of the Dornsife Washington, DC Program at the University of Southern California. His research focuses on American foreign policy, international security, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Prior to coming to USC, he served as a senior adviser and political-military analyst with the U.S. Department of Defense and as a foreign affairs officer with the U.S. State Department, where he helped advise the special representative for nonproliferation. Dr. Fields has also been a research associate at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies and worked at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Ms. Jessica Cox is the Director for Arms Control on the National Security Council, where she has responsibilities for overseeing U.S. policy on nuclear and conventional arms control treaties as well as issues associated with the President’s initiatives to reduce the role of nuclear weapons in national security. Prior to joining the National Security Council, Ms. Cox was Director of Russia Policy and Conventional Arms Control Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense for Policy (OSD Policy). She served previously as the Department’s Lead Negotiator for the Treaty on Open Skies, where she was instrumental in authoring and gaining consensus from States Parties on a new framework for certifying and using digital sensors on Open Skies aircraft. Since joining OSD Policy, Ms. Cox has also served as the Country Director, Pakistan Policy, with a focus on strategic stability, counter-terrorism and Pakistan-India relations; Country Director, Iran, with a focus on Iran’s nuclear and missile developments; and Policy Analyst, Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction, with a focus on developing plans, capabilities and strategies that address WMD challenges. Ms. Cox came to OSD Policy from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), where she was the Deputy Country Manager, Republic of Georgia for the Biological Threat Reduction Program.
Laura Rockwood was appointed as Executive Director of the VCDNP in June 2015. Prior to that, she was a Senior Research Fellow at Harvard University’s Kennedy School Belfer Center Managing the Atom Project. Ms. Rockwood retired in November 2013 from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as the Section Head for Non-Proliferation and Policy Making in the Office of Legal Affairs, where she had served since 1985. Prior to working for the IAEA she was employed by the US Department of Energy as a trial attorney in radiation injury cases, and as counsel in general legal matters. Ms. Rockwood received a Juris Doctor degree in 1976 from the University of California’s Hastings College of Law, San Francisco, and a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1973 from the University of California, Berkeley. She is a member of the State Bar of California and of the Washington DC Bar Association.
Lubomír Zaorálek was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic on 29 January 2014, following years in the position of the shadow Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Social Democratic Party and a leading representative of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. Prior to his appointment as the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Lubomír Zaorálek was a leading figure in the Czech Parliament, in 2002 – 2006 being the Chairman of the Chamber of Deputies and later the Deputy Chairman. In 1998 he was elected the Deputy Chair of the Czech Social Democratic Party and since 2002 he was the Party´s Shadow Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Mallory Stewart is the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Emerging Security Challenges and Defense Policy in the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance (AVC). She is responsible for the management of the Office of Emerging Security Challenges and the Office of Chemical and Biological Weapons Affairs.
Ms. Stewart joined the State Department in 2002 as an attorney in the Legal Adviser’s Office (L). During her time in L, Ms. Stewart represented the United States before the Iran-U.S Claims Tribunal as an attorney in the Office of Claims and Investment Disputes. She focused on international and domestic treaty law in the Office of Treaty Affairs, and she worked on numerous legal issues related to nonproliferation sanctions, conventional weapons and weapons of mass destruction, missile defense, and space in the Office of Nonproliferation and Arms Control. She was the State Department lawyer for the U.S. delegation that negotiated the Ballistic Missile Agreements with Poland and Romania, and she was the lead lawyer on the 2013 U.S.-Russian Framework for the Elimination of Syrian Chemical Weapons. In 2014, Ms. Stewart was a recipient of the Secretary’s Award for Excellence in International Security Affairs for her work on the international effort to eliminate Syrian chemical weapons.
Ms. Stewart is a graduate of Harvard College and Stanford Law School.
Matthew Kroenig is an Associate Professor in the Department of Government and School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University and a Senior Fellow in the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security at The Atlantic Council. He is the author or editor of five books, including Exporting the Bomb: Technology Transfer and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons, and his articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Organization, The Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, and many other outlets. Dr. Kroenig was a senior national security adviser to the 2016 Marco Rubio for President Campaign and the 2016 Scott Walker for President Campaign, and a foreign policy adviser on the 2012 Mitt Romney for President Campaign. He has served in a variety of positions in the U.S. Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency and he regularly consults with a wide range of U.S. government agencies and departments.
Michal Smetana is a Research Fellow at the Center for Security Policy at the Charles University in Prague, where he also teaches several courses with focus on international security. He has also participated on research projects of the Institute of International Relations Prague, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), and Peace Research Institute in Frankfurt (PRIF). He published several peer-reviewed articles in academic journals on issues related to nuclear proliferation, NPT regime, arms control and disarmament, US nuclear policy, and deterrence theory. His latest book co-edited with Nik Hynek titled Global Nuclear Disarmament: Strategic, Political, and Regional Perspectives was published by Routledge in January 2016.
Richard Price (Ph.D., Cornell University) is Professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia. His research interests focus on the role of norms in world politics, particularly norms limiting warfare; constructivist international relations theory; normative international relations theory; and ethics in world politics. His publications include the co-authored Special Responsibilities: Global Problems and American Power (Cambridge University Press, 2012), Moral Limit and Possibility in World Politics (Cambridge University Press, 2008), The Chemical Weapons Taboo (Cornell University Press, 1997), and numerous articles in the journals International Organization, World Politics, International Security, European Journal of International Relations, International Theory, and the Review of International Studies among others. He has been on the Editorial Board of the journal International Organization since 2012.
Sadia Tasleem teaches at Quaid-i-Azam University’s Department of Defense and Strategic Studies in Islamabad, Pakistan. As a Robin Copeland Memorial Fellow for Nonproliferation from 2014 to 2015, she undertook a research project entitled “Creating a Constituency for Unilateral Nuclear Arms Control in Pakistan.” Her research interests include, Nuclear Proliferation and Non-proliferation issues, Strategic Stability, Global Nuclear Order, Knowledge Diffusion and History of ideas with reference to nuclear strategy.
Vít Střítecký is an assistant professor in international security at the Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University, Prague and Metropolitan University, Prague. He studied security and IR programs at the Charles University, Uppsala University, Sweden and University of St. Andrews, Scotland. In his research as well as academic management activities he gradually focuses on the interplay between security and technology which has resulted in two interdisciplinary security programs and large project proposal connecting security experts across the social science, natural science, medical and technical fields. On top of his academic activities he holds a position of the member of the Executive Committee responsible for R&D&I of the Technological Platform Energy Security, which is a leading regional public-private-partnership project in the area of critical infrastructure protection.
Mr. Alberque has worked on arms control, non-proliferation, and safeguards since 1994. He began as a safeguards analyst with the Department of Energy before his reassignment to the new Material Protection, Control, and Accounting team, tasked with improving the security of highly enriched uranium and plutonium across the former Soviet Union. He managed security upgrades at eight Russian facilities and supported Projects Sapphire and Auburn Endeavor in Kazakhstan and Georgia, respectively. He performed consulting with nuclear reactor operators on security and safeguards before joining the Defense Threat Reduction Agency in 2000. At DTRA, he worked in strategic planning and communication, as well as WMD consequence management, before focusing on conventional arms control and small arms and light weapons full-time. In January 2008, DTRA detailed him to the Pentagon as the Treaty Manager for conventional arms control. In January 2009, he moved to the Department of State to support preparations for the 2010 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference before joining the Office of the Secretary of Defense for Policy in October 2009. There, he directed European security and conventional arms control policy, supported U.S.-Russia defense relations and strategic stability talks, and managed policy on the Biological Weapons Convention, the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, and the IAEA Additional Protocol. He began serving as the Head of the Arms Control Coordination Section in NATO’s Political Affairs and Security Policy Division in August 2012.
William Walker is Professor Emeritus of International Relations at the University of St Andrews in Scotland. His many publications on nuclear affairs include, with David Albright and Frans Berkhout, Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium: World Inventories, Capabilities and Policies (1997); A Perpetual Menace: Nuclear Weapons and International Order (2012); and with Nicholas Wheeler, ‘The problem of weak nuclear states’ (Nonproliferation Review, November 2013).
The Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs; The Institute of International Relations; The Institute of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University; Metropolitan University Prague