From a moral point of view, human rights can be seen as a recognition of the fundamental rights of every human being, which stem from natural human dignity. However, human rights are also a branch of law. This branch developed fully after the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. By now, human rights catalogs have become part of the constitutions of many states, and regional human rights systems have emerged in Europe, America and Africa, led by international courts. The most important sources for the Czech Republic in this respect are the national Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms and the international European Convention on Human Rights. Promoting human rights abroad is also a priority of the Czech foreign policy. The IIR focuses on the protection and promotion of human rights in terms of both law and international relations.