Gender as a term refers to the asymmetric roles, responsibilities and expectations of women, men and other gendered categories that are inscribed in our political, social and economic relations. In the IIR, our gender analysis recognizes and ultimately challenges the gendered impacts of war, the politics of international security, development, economy, the environment, health and more. It reveals how gender subordination or domination is socially constructed and/or materially conditioned. Modes of subordination change over time and vary across cultures and political orders, while intersecting with other social positions and identities such as those related to class, ethnicity, and age, among others.