Middle East and North Africa

The MENA region accounts for approximately 6% of the worldʼs population, 60% of the worldʼs oil reserves, and 45% of the worldʼs natural gas reserves. Due to the regionʼs substantial petroleum and natural gas reserves, MENA is an important source of global economic stability. The MENA region has grown in geopolitical importance since 2011, when a number of the regionʼs long-time dictatorships were overthrown in an event known as the Arab Spring. The region is afflicted by the persistent civil war in Syria, Iraq, Libya, and Yemen, with the United States and Russia supporting opposing sides and providing military resources.