Introduction to the issue: “On Islamist Parties and the Inclusion-Moderation Hypothesis: Lessons from the Past Decade”

In his new article, Clément Steuer discusses the variety of Islamist movements, and their incorporation within different national trajectories.

At the beginning of the 2010s, several Arab countries seemed to follow the model of Turkey, with an electoral victory of Islamist parties in a context of democratization. A decade later, the Turkish AKP has turned authoritarian, and the Moroccan and Tunisian Islamist parties have lost both access to governmental office and a large part of their electoral appeal. In this context, lessons can be learned from the early failed democratic experience in Algeria (1989–1992), and from the evolution of its Islamist movements since then.